Welcome to the penultimate episode of our special 10-part series for the month of Moharram titled “In the School of Imam Husain (AS)”.
Today is the 9th of Moharram, on the eve of which, while surrounded in Karbala by the bloodthirsty Omayyad hordes and deprived of access to the waters of the River Euphrates, the grandson of Prophet Mohammad (Blessings of God upon him and his progeny), sent one of his loyal companions named Amr ibn Qardha to the enemy camp, asking for a meeting with their commander Omar ibn Sa’d. The two met, accompanied by 20 men each, for the final discussion. The Imam proposed a private meeting accompanied by their nearest ones. The Imam was accompanied by his elder son, Hazrat Ali Akbar and his brother Hazrat Abbas (peace upon them), while Omar was joined by his son Hafas and a slave. When the Imam questioned Omar about his hostile stand in spite of fully knowing the prime position of the Ahl al-Bayt, he replied that he feared the destruction of his house by the Omayyads. When the Imam offered to provide him with house and property in Hijaz, Omar brought up lame excuses, as which the Imam said: What has happened to you; God would cause you to die in your bed and on the Day of Resurrection and Judgement He would never forgive you for such a cardinal sin of yours. By God, don’t be deceived by the Omayyads, for you are not destined to taste even a single grain of the wheat of Rayy in Iran, whose governorship they have promised you. Omar returned to his encampment greatly disturbed, and wrote a letter to Obaidullah ibn Ziyad, asking him to let Imam Husain (AS) return to Hijaz or any other place instead of harassing him. Ibn Ziyad became angry and dispatched the despicable Shimr Zil-Jowshan with a letter to Karbala, demanding that either Omar carry out his task of extracting allegiance to Yazid’s ungodly rule, or killing the Prophet’s grandson or handing over command of the army to Shimr.
On the afternoon of 9th Moharram, Omar decided to attack the encampment of Imam Husain (AS), who sent his brother, Hazrat Abbas (AS) to tell the enemy to delay the attack until the next morning so that he and his followers could pray and supplicate to God on the eve of their eventual martyrdom, since it was out of question to yield to the enemies’ demand. That night the Imam extinguished the lamp and told his followers to avail of the darkness and leave him, since it is his life the enemies want and not theirs. They refused to leave, vowing that death in his company was better than a life of humiliation. The night was spent in prayers and supplications by the Imam and his followers, in preparation for glorious martyrdom, rather than endorsing the illegitimate rule of the tyrant, Yazid. The 9th of Moharram was indeed a crucial date in Karbala, and is commemorated till this day as Tasu’a. Imam Husain (AS), true to the teachings of the holy Qur’an, taught humanity how to endure with dignity and self-respect the calamities. He was calm and composed. He provided solace to the womenfolk, including sisters Zainab and Omm Kolthoum and daughters Fatema, Sakina and Ruqaiyya (peace upon them). He soothed his ailing bed-ridden 23-year old son and eventual successor, Imam Zain al-Abedin (AS). The movement of Imam Husain (AS) is thus the uprising of dignity and freedom. The Martyr of Karbala serves till this day as the symbol of dignity and freedom. He would say: "For, by my life, what is the Imam except the one who judges by the Book; who upholds justice; who professes the religion of Truth; and who dictates himself to the essence of Allah.”
Imam Husain (AS) as the representative of God on earth, strove to enlighten all those who came in contract with essence of monotheism, coupled with ethical values of the highest order. Here is an example of his words of guidance:
"I can describe my Lord with the very words He has used to describe Himself: (He is) Never recognized by the five senses; never could be compared to man; very close but not to the point of being touched; very far but not so far that He can't be detected. He is One and cannot be partitioned or divided. Known by His signs, and described by His attributes. There is no god but He, the Great, the Exalted."
The excellent qualities of Imam Husain (AS) lifted the hearts of his family and companions to such an extent that none of them would ever think of deserting him. When the despicable Shemr tried to offer a letter of amnesty to Hazrat Abbas (AS) and his brothers on condition of deserting the Imam, this valiant standard-bearer spurned the offer and swore never to leave the grandson of Prophet Mohammad (SAWA). He said: God curse you and your safe conduct! You give us safe conduct while the grandson of the Prophet of God has no safe conduct. You want us to acknowledge the rule of the accursed and those who are children of the accursed people.
Hazrat Abbas (AS), who sacrificed his life on the day of Ashura, while fetching water from the River Euphrates for the thirsty encampment, was indeed a picture of loyalty and fealty. Tall, of handsome stature, and note for his valour, he was hailed as the Qamar Bani Hashem or Moon of the Hashemite Clan. Out of respect for the Prophet’s Immaculate Daughter Hazrat Fatema Zahra (peace upon her), Hazrat Abbas (AS), who was from a different mother, would never address the Prophet’s two grandson as “brothers”. He used to call Imam Hasan Mojtaba “Ya Seyyedi” or “My Master”, and would call Imam Husain “Ya Mowlai” or “My Lord”. He was around 36 years old at the time of his martyrdom. After scattering the enemy forces on the banks of the River, Hazrat Abbas (AS) filled the goatskin carrier with water, but never allowed a single drop to touch his lips, since the Imam and the whole encampment, especially the ladies and children, were thirsty. While on his way back to the camp, he was ambushed in the palm groves, first losing his right hand and then his left hand, and finally his life, as a cowardly enemy hiding behind a tree stuck his head with a mace, felling him to the ground from the horse. Till this day the grand golden-domed mausoleum of Hazrat Abbas (AS), stands as sentinel to the grand golden-domed mausoleum of Imam Husain (AS).
ارسال کننده: مدیر پورتال