Welcome to the 5th episode of our special 10-part series for the month of Moharram titled “In the School of Imam Husain (AS)”.
Today is the 5th of Moharram, the day on which Karbala saw the continued flow of Omayyad forces to surround the small group of companions and family members of the grandson of Prophet Mohammad (Blessings of God upon him and his progeny). Obaidullah ibn Ziyad, the bloodthirsty governor of Iraq ordered the stationing of a force of five-hundred horsemen led by Zahr bin Qays on the Sadah Bridge across the Euphrates River to prevent anyone from Kufa from joining the Imam Husain (AS). Amer ibn Salamah, a staunch follower of the Ahl al-Bayt, who had accompanied the Commander of the Faithful Imam Ali ibn Abi Taleb (AS) in the battles imposed by the seditionists and hypocrites, dauntlessly attacked the forces of Zahr bin Qays and broke through their ranks. He then rode fearlessly to Karbala to join Imam Husain (AS). On the Day of Ashura, that is Moharram 10, Amer had the honour of achieving in martyrdom heroic combat in defence of the ideals of faith, justice, and piety, of the Prophet’s grandson.
Like his grandfather the Prophet, his father Imam Ali and his brother Imam Hasan Mojtaba, (peace upon them), Imam Husain (AS), as the divinely-designated leader of mankind of his era, felt utmost concern for the welfare of the Ummah. In ayah 3 of Surah Shu’ara, God Almighty tells the Prophet of Islam regarding his concern for the heedlessness of the disbelievers towards the monotheisthism:
“You are liable to imperil your life [out of distress] that they will not have faith.”
Likewise, Imam Husain (AS) used to say: "By my life, what is the Imam except the one who judges by the Book; who upholds justice; who professes the religion of Truth; and who dedicates himself to the essence of Allah.”
No wonder the Prophet had remarked: “Husain is from me, and I am from Husain.”
It is clear indication of the fact that whatever the Prophet did for Islam, his grandson also did, and whatever were the remarks of Imam Husain (AS) regarding his uprising and admonishments, it were actually the words of the Prophet. It means the Omayyads were in clear error, and were transgressors against the Prophet of Islam.
On the Day of Ashura day, Imam Husain (AS), despite the blatant enmity of the Omayyads, strove to guide them till the last moments, even after the martyrdom of his dear and near ones. He said he was ready to forgive them if they repent and come to the right path. He warned the commander of the Omayyad forces, Omar ibn Sa’d of the damnation he was facing by fighting the blessed family of the Prophet. The Imam said: Woe to you, O son of Sa’d! Are you not afraid of God to Whom is your eventual return? You are fighting me despite being fully aware of my position, and who I am? Come to the path of God and salvation.
The Imam’s words of guidance fell on deaf ears, since the love of transient wealth had misled Omar and the rest of his forces, who were intent upon killing the Prophet’s family in the hope of material rewards from the accursed Omayyads that never reached them.
Imam Husain (AS) was the epitome of chivalry, and magnanimity. One of the most evident examples in this regard is his providing of water to the regiment of Horr Riyahi, the Omayyad commander who had been sent to apprehend him on his entry to Iraq. Horr’s men and animals were in acute thirst and would have died in the desert, but for the magnanimity of the Imam in providing them water, despite knowing the fact they were sent to confront him. Alas, on the day of Ashura, although Horr with his son and some followers, felt repentance and crossed over to the side of Imam to defend him even if it means certain death, the rest of the forces who had tasted the favours of the grandson of the Prophet, remained ungrateful and participated in his martyrdom and that of his dear and near ones.
On the Day of Ashura, when a certain Tamim bin Qahtaba attacked the Imam but unable to face the swordsmanship of the Prophet’s grandson, lost a leg, fell to the ground, and saw death staring him in the face, he suddenly started pleading to Imam Husain (AS) to spare his life. In this life and death struggle, the Imam magnanimously spared his life, and even decided to treat his wound. In the last moments of the fight, when Imam Husain (AS) was severely wounded, and asked: Was there any conscious Muslim to defend the Prophet’s progeny and honour. The Omayyad cowards kept silent. They not only did not rally to his help but increased their attacks on him with swords, spears, arrows, and even stones.
Before that, one by one the nearest and dearest male members of his family courted martyrdom in unequal combat. One such gallant youth was his nephew, Qassim, the son of his late elder brother, Imam Hasan Mojtaba (AS). He was in his early teens, and very handsome in appearance. Earlier on the eve of Ashura, when the Imam had told his companions that they will be martyred the following day, and if they wish they are free to leave under the cover of night. All of them refused, saying they will sacrifice their life for him. The young Qassim said: O Uncle! Is my name also on the list of martyrs? The Imam asked him: How do you view death. The youth replied: Sweeter than honey. The Imam with tears in his eyes said: O Qassim, not only your name but the name of your six-month old cousin, Ali Asghar is on the list of martyrs. At this, the Hashemite youth, apprehensive of the honour and dignity of the womenfolk, asked in exasperation: O Uncle, would the enemies storm the encampment? The Imam replied: No, Qassim, I will take Ali Asghar towards the enemy forces as a trial and in order to seal the argumentation against them, will ask them to provide him water, but they will target the baby with arrows.
On the day of Ashura, Qassim prepared himself for the battle, and after the Imam reluctantly gave him permission, he dashed to the battlefield to face the enemy onslaught. He introduced himself as the son of Imam Hasan and the grandson of Imam Ali (peace upon them). He challenged the Omayyads for single combat, and one by one, dispatched to the bowels of hell, the famous warlord Arzaq-e Shamiq and four of his sons. There was fear among the enemy warriors in facing the gallant Hashemite lad in single combat. They attacked in groups of two and more, but were all defeated. At this, Omar ibn Sa’d said: Qassim has the heart of his grandfather Imam Ali beating in his body and no one can overcome him. He then ordered his forces to surround the great-grandson of the Prophet and kill him. The lad was attacked from all sides, and fell to the ground from his horse, crying: O uncle, help me. The Imam rushed to his help, scattered the enemy forces, took the head of Qassim in his lap, and said: O nephew! By God, it is very hard on your uncle that you should call him and he should not be able to come in time for help. At this moment, the soul of the teenaged lad flew towards the ethereal heavens, leaving the Imam in grief. The Imam took the lifeless body of Qassim to the encampment, and placed it beside the rest of the Hashemite martyrs. He advised the family, especially the aggrieved mother of the lad, Omm Farwa to have patience, and resign to the Will of God, since Qassim is in paradise with the Prophet.
ارسال کننده: مدیر پورتال