Welcome to the fourth episode of our special 10-part series for the month of Moharram titled “In the School of Imam Husain (AS)”. Today is the 4th of Moharram, two days after the arrival in Karbala of the grandson of Prophet Mohammad (blessings of God upon him and his progeny).
On this day in Kufa, Obaidollah ibn Ziyad, the tyrannical Omayyad governor of Iraq, who a day earlier had dispatched to Karbala a force of 4,000 soldiers led by Omar ibn Sa’d to try to procure the surrender of Imam Husain (AS), held a public gathering at the main mosque, and threatened people with death if they do not mobilize forces against the Prophet’s grandson. Ibn Ziyad who had bribed Chief Judge Qazi Shurraiyh to issue a so-called fatwa permitting the shedding of blood of Imam Husain (AS), brandished this dubious edict to the people of Kufa, promising them rewards for forcing the Prophet’s grandson to yield to the illegal and unjust rule of the tyrant Yazid ibn Mu’awiyyah, or to martyr him on his refusal.
Every act and deed of the Infallible Imams (peace upon them) is divinely-inspired and contains valuable lessons for us. One of their exemplary characteristics was their excellent behaviour with their families, including wives, sons, daughters, grandchildren, brothers, sisters, nephews, nieces, and the rest of the household. This is a lesson for us in building a sound and healthy family atmosphere without the least jealousy in the household, since an upright family contributes to the molding of a virtuous society. It resolves so many problems and social issues. Imam Husain (AS) was thus a family man, and he took utmost care in the welfare of his wives and children, regarding the necessities of life. He was married some four times. Through Layla bint Abu Murrah, he was the father of Ali Akbar and Fatema (peace upon them). Ali Akbar was a strikingly handsome youth and considered a carbon copy of Prophet Mohammad (blessings of God upon him and his progeny). The Imam dearly loved him and used to say: Whenever I desired to remember my grandfather I would cast a look at my son Ali al-Akbar. He was a picture of virtue, and gallantly fought the Omayyads in Karbala until martyrdom in a tragic way, with the cowardly enemy piercing his chest with a spear and then deliberately twirling it and breaking the wooden handle so that the spear-point remain in the youth's body. The aggrieved father rushed towards his fallen son, took him in him arms, and said: O Akbar after you, life does not have any meaning; the light of my eyes has gone. His mother Layla had predeceased him in Medina and was not present in Karbala. His sister Fatema was married to her first cousin, Hassan al-Mothanna, the son of Imam Hasan Mojtaba (AS), and the two are the parents of the Tabatabaie line of Saadaat or descendants of the Prophet. There are many hadith narrations from Fatema the daughter of Imam Husain (AS).
The Infallible Successor of Imam Husain (AS) was his most excellent son, Imam Ali Zain al-Abedin (AS) or the Ornament of the Pious, who was present in Karbala as a 23-year old bedridden youth, and thus survived the tragedy. His mother was the Princess of Persia, Shahrbano the daughter of Yazdegerd III the last Sassanid Emperor. She died shortly after childbirth in Medina and was laid to rest in the Jannat al-Baqie Cemetery. Before meeting martyrdom, Imam Husain (AS) formally designated Imam Zain al-Abedin (AS), as successor, handed him the wills and testamentary legacies of his ancestors, and entrusted to him the care of the ladies and orphaned children of the Prophet’s Household, whom the Omayyads took as captives to Kufa and Damascus, before they were eventually released and sent back to Medina.
The youngest son of Imam Husain (AS) was Ali al-Asghar or Abdullah Radhi, the 6-month baby, whose throat was pierced by an arrow shot by the Omayyad marksman Harmala bin Kahel, when the father took the infant towards the enemy forces and told them: If you are really Muslim, at least take this boy and provide him some drops of water to relieve his acute thirst. The martyrdom of this infant is one of the most shocking scenes of the tragedy of Karbala and till this day evokes pity even in the most hardest of hearts. Till this day, mourners throughout the world make vows and hold special lamentation gatherings for him with offering of milk to the gatherings, composed mostly of children. The mother of Ali Asghar was Rabab bint Imrau al-Qays, one of the chieftains of the Kinda tribe. Imrau was a Christian who embraced the truth of Islam in the days of the Commander of the Faithful, Imam Ali ibn Abi Taleb (AS). Rabab was also the mother of the Imam’s daughter, Sakina, who was present in Karbala, was betrothed to her cousin – a son of Imam Hasan Mojtaba – but following his martyrdom never married. Sakina means solace to the heart.
The youngest daughter of Imam Husain (AS) was Ruqaiyya, who was three or four years old in Karbala. Since her mother had died, the Imam took special care of her, making her sleep on his chest. The sufferings of this little girl from Karbala to Kufa and Damascus, where she eventually attained martyrdom, fed up by the oppression of the Omayyads, forms one of the most tragic sagas of the bloodcurdling tragedy of Karbala, and its equally heart-wrenching aftermath. On the day of Ashura, Imam Husain (AS), before marching for the final battle with the enemies, asked little Ruqaiyya to come and rest on his chest for the last time. He then bid goodbye to all family members including his Immaculate Sisters, Hazrat Zainab and Hazrat Omm Kolsoum (peace upon her). He instructed them all to have patience, and to endure the sufferings in both Iraq and Syria, with dignity and in accordance with the ethereal teachings of Islam. It were these unique factors, coupled with the sermons of Hazrat Zainab and Imam Zain al-Abedin (peace upon them), that melted the hearts of the people, especially those of Kufa and Damascus, thereby forcing Yazid to release the noble household and send them in dignity to Medina. If their detention was prolonged Yazid would have certainly faced a revolution in Syria – which was then a mostly Christian land that newly became familiar with Islam. The neo Muslims of Syria were kept in the dark about the genuine teachings of Islam by the charlatan Mu’awiya ibn Abu Sufyan, who had ruled that large province for a total of 40 years, first as governor and then as the usurper caliph. His propaganda kept the people in ignorance about the lofty status and the God-given rights of the Prophet’s Ahl al-Bayt. Thus, when Yazid after perpetrating the tragedy of Karbala, forced the noble ladies and children of the Prophet’s household to be brought to Damascus as captives, he intended to humiliate the Ahl al-Bayt and distort the movement of Imam Husain (AS) as sedition by a rebel. But the sight of the noble captives bearing themselves with dignity in the shadows of the heads of their martyrs mounted on lances, coupled with the sermons of Imam Zain al-Abedin and Hazrat Zainab (peace upon them), changed the atmosphere and acquainted the people of Syria with facts and realities.
In Damascus, when a Syrian Muslim, on seeing the caravan of captives and the heads of martyrs, expressed thanks to God and mockingly told Imam Zain al-Abedin (AS) that people have been relieved from your evil, the Imam asked: have you read ayah 33 of Surah Ahzab and pondered on its meanings and contents:
“Indeed Allah desires to keep all impurity away from you, O Ahl al-Bayt, preserve you thoroughly purified.”
Then the Imam explained in fluent and eloquent Arabic that we are the Ahl al-Bayt the progeny of the Prophet mentioned in the Qur’an. The Syrian Muslim was shocked, and started beating his head and chest in agony at the unpardonable crime of Yazid. Such incidents were many and these conveyed to the people of Iraq and Syria the mission of Imam Husain (AS) in awakening public conscience.
ارسال کننده: مدیر پورتال