Welcome to the third episode of our special 10-part series for the month of Moharram titled “In the School of Imam Husain (AS)”. Today is the 3rd of Moharram, the day on which the Omayyad commander Omar ibn Sa’d arrived in Karbala with a force of 4,000 armed men to surround the small band of Imam Husain (AS), the grandson of Prophet Mohammad (SAWA).
Omar was sent by Kufa’s tyrannical governor, Obaidullah ibn Ziyad, to demand oath of allegiance from the Imam for the ungodly rule of Yazid, or bring him to his court. The Imam refused to yield to oppression and injustice, saying: "By Allah, I will never give you my hand (in allegiance) like a man who has been humiliated, nor will I flee like a slave."
Imam Husain (AS) pointed out to Omar the sorry state of affairs into which the Islamic realm had been plunged because of the violation of the tenets of Islam by the Omayyad regime. He said:
"O people! The Prophet of Allah had said: Whoever witnesses an unjust ruler permitting the things prohibited by Allah, breaking the covenant with Allah, violating the Sunnah of the Prophet, treating people sinfully and cruelly, and despite seeing all such misdeeds did not oppose him through words or actions, Allah surely will punish him as He wills.”
These words of guidance failed to have any effect on Omar ibn Sa’d, who had been promised the governorship of the rich province of Rayy in Iran if he could procure the oath of allegiance from the Imam to Yazid’s Godless rule. Thus, in the next few days thousands of more enemy forces converged on Karbala. Stay with us.
One of the prominent characteristics of mankind is kindness and benevolence. The holy Qur’an considers generosity, kindness, assistance and support for the disadvantaged stratum and the downtrodden as prime examples of serving people. Imam Husain (AS), like his grandfather the Prophet of Islam, mother Hazrat Fatema Zahra (SA), father Imam Ali (AS) and brother Imam Hasan (AS), was not just the picture of piety and patience, but the symbol of forgiveness, kindness, generosity, and magnanimity. It was his habit to find out the needy and help them. He strove to solve the problems of those mired in hardships through charity. Anyone who sought Imam’s assistance, was helped in the best possible manner. One day, a man approached him and wanted to express his need. However, Imam Husain (AS) told him: “Dear brother, do not express your request openly in order to safeguard your honour and reputation. You are better off, presenting your request in writing and I will also make every effort to make you happy.” The related man presented his request in writing, and Imam donated twice the sum the man had re quetintg express your request openly to maintain your reputation. you as an infamousquested. Imam Husain (AS) made every effort to assist and serve the poor, and would often say: “The most generous among you is the one who helps a person who has lost hope.”
Following the martyrdom of Imam Husain (AS) on the day of Ashura, it was discovered that there were marks of old wounds on his shoulders, not inflicted by the current fighting in Karbala. In response, his son Imam Zain al-Abedin (AS), disclosed: These are the marks of the strains of goods and sacks of grain my father used to carry on his shoulders at night, and deliver them incognito to the orphans, the poor and needy. Imam Husain (AS) was among the most generous persons of his era, and no one can be compared to him in this relation, except the other infallibles. His generosity was unique. One of the evident characteristics in relation to his generosity was his respect and kindheartedness for the poor and needy. Usually people negatively react to the requests of the poor and even intend to keep the needy at bay. However, Imam Husain (AS) highly sympathized with the needy and felt a sense of shame while meeting their needs. He helped the needy while fully respecting them, so that the needy individual would not feel embarrassed.
As we said yesterday, following the departure from the world of the Prophet of Islam, two deviations occurred. One was the hijacking of the caliphate or political rule of the Islamic realm from the Prophet’s divinely-designated vicegerent, Imam Ali ibn Abi Taleb (AS), and the other was the gradual deviation of the masses as a result of the drifting away from Islamic teachings by the rulers and their appointed governors. This was the reason for the rise of the Godless Omayyads and the seizure of power by Mu’awiya ibn Abu Sufyan. Thus the 10th year of the imamate of Imam Husain (AS), saw the shocking nomination by the usurper Mu’awiya of his son as the next caliph, in violation of the treaty signed with the Prophet’s elder grandson, Imam Hasan Mojtaba (AS). Yazid was a libertine, and in contrast to his father, who tried to pretend he was a Muslim, Yazid openly mocked at Islam, publicly drank wine, permitted all sorts of prohibited acts, and would say he has nothing to do with Islam. As the Imam of the Age, and the rightful successor of the Prophet of Islam, Imam Husain (AS), could not tolerate such blatant deviation. When Yazid demanded allegiance to his Godless rule by writing a letter to the Omayyad governor of Medina, the Imam refused, and in order to avoid unnecessary bloodshed left Medina upon nightfall for Mecca. In Mecca, he discovered that assassins disguised as pilgrims had been sent by Yazid to kill him. He promptly left Mecca, without completing the Hajj rituals, since he did not want the inviolable soil of the plains of Arafaat and Mena to be tainted with blood. He headed for Iraq, particularly Kufa, from where he had received thousands of letters, inviting him to come to their guidance and deliverance.
All the measures and steps taken by Imam Husain (AS) indicate his wisdom, prudence and foresight, as the divinely-designated Leader and Guide of mankind. He never hesitated for a moment, and as of the beginning of his movement until the epic of Ashura, seized every opportunity to invite people to the right path. An example is his encounter with Zohayr bin Qayn while proceeding to Iraq. Zohayr was a brave person, and because of certain misconception had become an opponent of the Prophet’s Ahl al-Bayt, especially because of the propaganda of the charlatan Mu’waiya that Imam Ali (AS) was involved in the death of Othman bin Affan, the 3rd caliph. Zohayr nonetheless had respect for Imam Husain (AS), but at the same time, avoided any meeting with the Prophet’s grandson. It happened that while journeying towards Karbala, when Imam Husain (AS) came to know that Zohayr and his entourage were camping at some distance, he sent an emissary calling for a meeting. Zohayr, his wife and companions were eating their meal when the Imam’s envoy arrived and delivered the message that the Imam wanted to meet him personally. Zohayr felt embarrassed and said he had no business with Imam Husain (AS). At this, his wife, Dolham, said: O Zohayr! The grandson of the Prophet has invited you for a meeting and you are hesitating. Why don’t you go and hear what he has got to say?”
Zohayr, shaken by the courageous remarks of his wife, pulled himself together, and headed toward the Imam’s encampment. After a short while, Zohayr returned and looked a completely changed man. He was obviously joyous, transformed into staunch devotee of the Ahl al-Bayt, ordered emancipation of his slaves and servants, dispensed away with all his worldly possession, and told his wife that she is also free to leave him, since he has decided to join Imam Husain (AS) and proceed towards Karbala and impending death. His wife refused to leave him, and decided to accompany him till the end, come what may.
On reaching Karbala, Zohayr stood firmly beside the Imam, in spite of the increase of enemy troops and their blocking of access to the waters of the River Euphrates. On the eve of the fateful day of Ashura, when Imam Husain (AS) told his companions that they are free to leave, since the enemy only wanted his life, like all other steadfast followers, Zohayr refused, saying: “By God. I am ready for martyrdom. Even I am revived a thousand times after death, I would prefer to be killed while defending Imam Husain (AS) and the noble youths of the Ahl al-Bayt.”
Zohayr entered the battlefield with unique bravery. While attacking the enemy troops, his battle cry was: “I am Zohayr, the son of Qayn. My sharp sword keeps you away from Imam Husain, the grandson of Prophet Mohammad (SAWA). He is the envoy of God upon Earth; I will wipe you out.”
Then he approached Imam Husain (AS) and said: “I sacrifice my life for you. I was guided to the righteous path by you. Today, I am eager to meet your grandfather, the Prophet of Islam, as well as your Infallible Father, Imam Ali (AS), and your noble brother, Imam Hassan (AS).”
Zohayr continued to battle, until the enemy troops attacked and martyred him.
That was all for today; goodbye until we meet again tomorrow for the 4thepisode of “In the School of Imam Husain (AS).”
ارسال کننده: مدیر پورتال