Sayyidah Zainab (a.s.)’s sermon in the presence of Yazid
Sayyidah Zainab (a.s.)’s sermon in the presence of Yazid, the accursed, on the first of the month of Safar
The narrator says that Sayyidah Zainab (a.s.), the daughter of Imam Ali bin Abi Talib (a.s.), arose and said,
“All praise be to the Lord of the worlds! And blessings of Allah upon His Messenger and his entire progeny! How true has Allah, the Glorious, said: ‘Then evil was the end of those who wrought evil, for they belied the Signs of Allah, and at them they used to mock.’ (Surah ar-Room, 30:10).
O Yazid! Now when you have locked the paths of the earth and the horizon of the heavens upon us, and driven us similar to the captives, do you presume that we are degraded in the eyes of Allah while you are endeared? While you have acquired an eminent and lofty status near Allah due to this? So you look down upon us and become arrogant, elated, and you rejoice that the world has turned towards you? You assume that your task is organized, while your sovereignty and kingdom pleases you? Gradually you seem to have forgotten the words of Allah, the Mighty, the Sublime, ‘Let not those who disbelieve think that Our giving them respite is good for their selves; We only give respite to them that they may increase in sins, and for them is a disgraceful chastisement.’ (Surah aal-‘Imraan, 3:178).
Is this the custom of justice that you sit your women-folk and maids behind the veils, while you captivate and parade the daughters of the Prophet of Allah (S)? You snatch the veils off themand leave them open, while their enemies parade them from one town to another, and the inhabitants of every stream and town have a glimpse of them? And all intimate and non-intimate look at them, as also the mean and noblemen, when they do not have along with them their men or support? What vigilance can one expect from them who have eaten the liver of the virtuous ones, and whose flesh has emerged (by consuming) from the blood of martyrs? How could he lessen his envy towards us, who looks at us, the Ahlul Bayt (a.s.), with the sight of arrogance, enmity and resent? And he boldly declares that ‘they would have hailed me with cries and said: O Yazid may your hands never stupefy’!
Then you turn towards the teeth of Abu Abdullah (a.s.), the Master of the youth of Paradise, and strike it with the stick of your hand? Then why would you not say so? You have sent the wound to its bottom, and you have uprooted the origins by shedding the blood of the Progeny of Muhammad (S) and the stars of earth from the descendants of Abdul Muttalib. Then you call out to your forefathers and in your assumption you summon them? Very soon you too shall face their conclusion, and then you will desire you were paralyzed and were dumb so as not to have uttered these words, nor would you have possessed this character.
O Lord! Take away our rights from them and seek revenge from our oppressors, and send forth Your wrath upon those who have shed our blood and killed our aides. By Allah! You have torn your own skin and have ripped your own flesh, and you shall go to His presence with the heavy burden of having shed the blood of the progeny of the Prophet (S) and violating the sanctity of his family and adherents, at a place where Allah will have united their dispersed ones and increased the quantity of their scattered ones, and present to them their rights. ‘And reckon not those who are slain in the way of Allah, to be dead! Alive they are with their Lord being sustained.’ (Surah aal-‘Imraan, 3:169).
Allah is sufficient as a judge upon you and the Prophet will be your enemy supported by Jibra’eel. Very soon will your father, who set forth the kingdom for you and sat you upon the neck of the Muslims, realize what an evil place awaits the oppressors.
What an evil place you have acquired and what a feeble army you possess. Nonetheless, the unpleasant circumstances have made me speak to you; while I consider your status to be quite low and your reproach to be large, as also I consider scoffing you abundantly. But the eyes are manifest and hearts volley. Beware! It is astonishing that the army of the noblemen of Allah be killed at the hands of the army of the freed-ones, the Satans. These are the very hands that have clenched our blood, and these are the very jaws that have devoured our flesh. While these are the chaste and radiant corpses who are guarded, time and again, by the wolves, and hyenas strew sand upon them. And now when you consider us to be booty, ‘this is for what sent before your hands (what you did in your life), and that (verily) Allah is not unjust to his servants’ (Surah al-Hajj, 22:10).
I complain to Allah and rely on Him Alone. Then you may lay whatever traps you have, and take thou whatever steps you desire, and endeavor as much as you want. By Allah! You shall never be able to wipe out our remembrance nor oust our inspiration from the midst, nor will you be able to wipe off the disgrace of this episode. Your opinion is erroneous, and your days less, while your group is scattered on the day when the caller will announce: ‘Beware! (Now) Verily the curse of Allah is on the unjust.’ (Surah Hud, 11:18).
Praise be to the Lord of the worlds, Who ended felicity upon our beginning with forgiveness, and Who destined martyrdom for our conclusion with blessings. I desire from Allah to complete His reward upon them, and increase it further, and to turn with fairness their succession upon us, for He is Merciful and a Friend. ‘Allah is (quite) sufficient for us and the most Excellent Protector is (He)’ (Surah aal-‘Imraan, 3:173).”
Yazid, in reply to this lengthy and significant speech of Sayyidah Zainab (a.s.), said, “Lamentation of the aggrieved women is admirable, but death is easy upon the lamenting women”.
In the letter of Ibn Abbas addressed to Yazid, it is written that the worst reproach for him was that,
“You captivated the women-folk and children of the Prophet of Allah (S) from Iraq to Syria and plundered them and displayed your power upon us for the people to behold? You subdued us and dominated the Progeny of the Prophet of Allah (S). Then in your opinion you revenged the blood of the infidels and wicked ones of Badr from your family. Then you revealed your hidden revenge, and you manifested your envy similar to the fire concealed in a flint-stone. You, as well as your father, took the excuse of revenge for the blood of Usman.
Woe of the Judge of the day of retribution be upon you! By Allah! Even if you remain safe from the stroke of my sword, you shall be grinded by the sword of my tongue. Sand be in your mouth O evil-doer! O ill-omened one! You are worthy of stones and reproach. If today you have gained victory upon us, do not be deceived, for tomorrow we shall succeed in the presence of the Just Ruler, Whose judgment is not contradictory (to the truth). And very soon He shall engulf you in a grievous state, and shall make you leave this world as an innate evil, deprived and guilty. May your father never remain! Feast as much as you desire, for your sins will multiply in the presence of Allah.
‘And peace will be unto him who follows the guidance’ (Surah at-Taa-haa, 20:47).”
Shaikh Mufeed relates from Sayyidah Fatemah bintul Husayn (a.s.), that when we were seated in the presence of Yazid, he pitied our state. A red-faced man from among the Syrians arose and said, “O Commander of the faithful (Allah’s refuge)! Present this girl to me”, and by this he meant me. I trembled and presumed that this was easy for them. I clung to the lap of my aunt Zainab (a.s.) who knew that this could never happen. My aunt told the Syrian,
“By Allah! You lie! And you revealed your mean nature. You nor he has any authority to do so”.
Yazid was enraged and said, “It is you who lie! By Allah! I do have the right to do so”. Sayyidah Zainab (a.s.) replied,
“No, by Allah! Allah has not given you the authority unless you leave our nation and accept another religion”.
Hearing this Yazid’s anger increased two-fold and he shouted, “You speak to me in this manner? Verily it was your father and your brother who left the religion (Allah’s refuge)”. Sayyidah Zainab (a.s.) replied,
“If you are a Muslim, then you, as well as your grandfather and father, reached the right path by the Religion of Allah and the Religion of my father and my brother”.
Hearing this Yazid said, “O enemy of Allah (Allah’s refuge)! You speak a lie”. Sayyidah Zainab (a.s.) said,
“You have the sovereignty, and you abuse with oppression and you reprimand anyone by the power of your rule”.
Hearing this Yazid was abashed and remained silent.
Then the Syrian man repeated his request to present him the girl, and Yazid shouted, “Get away! May Allah kill you”. Sibt Ibn Jawzee in his Tazkiratul Khawas, relates from Hisham bin Muhammad (Kalbi), while Shaikh Saduq in his Amali, and Ibn Aseer in his Kamil relate this episode briefly, while both of them (Saduq & Ibn Aseer) attribute this to Fatemah bint Ali instead of Fatemah bintul Husayn.
It is related in Malhoof, that a Syrian man looked at Fatemah bintul Husayn (a.s.), and said, “O Commander of the faithful (Allah’s refuge)! Present this girl to me”. Fatemah turned towards her aunt and said, “O aunt! Hasten to my aid! I have become an orphan, should I also become a slave?” She (a.s.) replied,
“The immoral man has no authority”.
The Syrian asked, “Whose daughter is she?” and Yazid replied, “She is Fatemah, the daughter of Husayn, while she is Zainab, the daughter of Ali”. The Syrian asked, “Husayn, the son of Fatemah and Ali bin Abi Talib?” and Yazid replied in the affirmative. Hearing this, the Syrian said, “May Allah’s curse be upon you O Yazid! You kill the progeny of the Prophet and arrest his family? I presumed them to be Roman captives”. Yazid said, “I shall dispatch you to them”, saying this he ordered him to beheaded.
It is quoted in the Amali of Shaikh Saduq, that Yazid ordered the women-folk of Imam Husayn (a.s.) along with Imam Zainul Abedeen (a.s.) to be imprisoned in a cell in which they would not be able to save themselves from heat or cold. They remained there until the flesh of their faces peeled and cracked.
It is related in Malhoof, that Yazid called for an orator and ordered him to ascend the pulpit and abuse Imam Husayn (a.s.) and his father (a.s.). He ascended the pulpit and started abusing the Commander of the faithful Imam Ali (a.s.) and Imam Husayn (a.s.), and praised Mu’awiyah and Yazid. (Imam) Ali bin Husayn (a.s.) called out to him,
“O you who preach! You have bought the wrath of the Creator in lieu of the pleasure of the creatures. While your place is the hell”.
How appropriate has Ibn Sinan Khafaji praised the Commander of the faithful (a.s.), “You abuse upon the pulpit the one, by means of whose sword you have acquired the pulpit”.
We (the author), say, that Khafaji is Abu Muhammad Abdullah bin Muhammad bin Sinan, a poet renowned as Ibn Sinan. He is connected to Khafajah tribe of Bani Amir, while these couplets are recited by him too, “O the nation that has turned infidel although they recite the Qur’an, that contains reproach and guidance for them, you abuse upon the pulpit the one, by whose sword you have acquired the pulpit, you have filled your heart with envy from the days of (the battle of) Badr, while the martyrdom of Husayn (a.s.) is the outcome of one of the numerous concealed envies”.
1. It is narrated in the Maqtal of Ibn Nima, that the Syrians came to congratulate Yazid for his victory. A red-faced and blue-eyed man from among them looked at Fatemah bintul Husayn (a.s.), who possessed an illuminating countenance, and then said, “O Commander of the faithful (Allah’s refuge)! Present this girl to me”. Fatemah (a.s.) turned towards her aunt and said, “I have become an orphan, now should I also become a slave”? Sayyidah Zainab (a.s.) said, “No, by Allah, O Syrian! This is not possible for you nor Yazid, unless you leave our Religion”. The Syrian repeated his request, and Yazid replied, “May Allah kill you”. Then he recited the couplets of Ibn Zab’ari. Thereafter the daughter of Imam Ali (a.s.) arose and recited the sermon. Then Yazid called for an orator and ordered him to ascend the pulpit. Here he repeats the narration of Sayyid Ibn Tawoos, which we shall quote hereafter.
ارسال کننده: مدیر پورتال